This report is on the Y-111 part of those tests

January 16, 2017 Report on test results from

 the Descendants of Casper Rader Y-DNA study


This report is on the Y-111 part of those tests

There are three major groups of tests included in this study

SO WHAT’S YOUR STORY?

  1. With a simple cheek swab, discover your roots, connect the dots and unlock your family history. Our signature DNA test provides powerful tools to find your DNA matches, trace your lineage through time and validate family connections.
  2. Our Y-DNA tests check for specific markers on the Y chromosome. 37 markers is a good place to start and can confirm close relationships. Increase your marker count to 67 or 111 for even greater confidence!  Connect to matches

Free access to group projects & experts on your lineage. Automated updates to your results. Free webinars with a professional genetic genealogist. Personalized customer support. Uncover up to 340,000 years

  1. The Big Y product is a Y-chromosome direct paternal lineage test. We have designed it to explore deep ancestral links on our common paternal tree. Big Y tests thousands of known branch markers as well as millions of places where there may be new branch markers. It is intended for expert users with an interest in advancing science.

It may also be of great interest to genealogy researchers of a specific lineage. It is not, however, a test for matching you to one or more men with the same surname in the way of our Y-DNA37 and other tests.

What is a Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) STR test? What will I learn?

From www.ftdna.com

A Y-DNA test looks at male inherited Y-Chromosome DNA. As the Y-Chromosome is passed on from a father to his sons, it is only found in males. Y-DNA testing can then be used to trace clearly a direct paternal line.

When testing the Y-Chromosome, there are two types of tests, short tandem repeat (STR) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). STR tests are best for recent ancestry while SNP tests tell about more ancient ancestry. Our standard Y-DNA panels use STRs and are useful in verifying common ancestry between two males and finding genetic cousins on the paternal line.

However, each of our Y-DNA STR tests comes with a haplogroup prediction that is backed by our SNP Assurance policy. Our Y-DNA STR tests can also then be used for determining geographic origins of the direct paternal line as well as the deep ancestral origins.

If two men share a surname, how should the genetic distance at 111 Y-chromosome STR markers be interpreted?

In cultures where surnames are passed from father to son, there is additional evidence beyond a DNA match that two men who share a surname are related. Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) test results should be interpreted based on both this information and the actual results.

 

Confidence

50%    90%    95%    99%

0          Very Tightly Related           A 111/111 match indicates a very close or immediate relationship. Most exact matches are 3rd cousins or closer, and over half are related within two generations (1st cousins).

2          4          5          6

1          Tightly Related         A 110/111 match indicates a close relationship. Most one-off matches are 5th or more recent cousins, and over half are 2nd cousins or closer.

3          6          7          9

2          Tightly Related         A 109/111 match indicates a close relationship. Most matches are 7th cousins or closer, and over half are 4th or more recent cousins.

5          8          9          11

3          Related          A 108/111 match indicates a genealogical relationship. Most matches at this level are related as 9th cousins or closer, and over half will be 5th or more recent cousins. This is well within the range of traditional genealogy.

6          10       11       14

Source https://www.familytreedna.com/learn/y-dna-testing/y-str/two-men-share-surname-genetic-distance-111-y-chromosome-str-markers-interpreted/

Y-DNA111 will Confidently, affirm a family group match between two or more men, and rule out (disprove) genealogical connections. Distinguish with the highest certainty possible the difference between recent and distant genealogical matches.

Y-DNA111: The Y-DNA111 test includes a balanced panel of sixty-seven Y-DNA STR markers, those from the Y-DNA67 plus forty-four more. The additional markers refine the predicted time period in which two individuals are related. They completely eliminate unrelated matches. A close match at 111 markers indicates a common ancestor in recent generations, and an exact match indicates a close or immediate relationship.

Y-DNA111    results as displayed on individual page

Alton Rader

111 MARKERS – 3 MATCHES

GD         Name           DNA Haplogroup              Terminal SNP     Match Date

1            James Lee Rader             R-Y15646              Y15646           1/15/2017

1            Harry Wayne Rader        R-Y15784              Y15784            1/15/2017

2            Earl Francis Rader         R-Y15783              Y15783             1/15/2017

Harry Wayne Rader

GD         Name       Y-DNA Haplogroup              Terminal SNP     Match Date

0            James Lee Rader         R-Y15646              Y15646              12/11/2016

1            Alton Rader                 R-M269                                            1/15/2017

1            Earl Francis Rader      R-Y15783              Y15783               12/21/2016

Earl Francis Rader

GD         Name       Y-DNA Haplogroup              Terminal SNP     Match Date

1            James Lee Rader        R-Y15646              Y15646               12/21/2016

1            Harry Wayne Rader    R-Y15784              Y15784               12/21/2016

2            Alton Rader               R-M269                                             1/15/2017

James Lee Rader

GD         Name       Y-DNA Haplogroup              Terminal SNP     Match Date

0            Harry Wayne        R-Y15784              Y15784               12/11/2016

1            Alton Rader           R-M269                                            1/15/2017

1            Earl Francis Rader   R-Y15783              Y15783               12/21/2016

GD = Genetic Distance

So what does this prove, we are Tightly Related.  But Harry and Jim are Very Tightly Related.

Out of 111 places tested we all match on 110.  Earl has a different value at location DYS533 and Alton has a different match at location DYS712